Rationale and Objectives for Physical Education

  • Rationale

    The primary purpose of physical education is to develop in young people an understanding of the positive impact an active lifestyle will have on their lives.  The developmentally appropriate program also provides a unique learning environment where affective, psychomotor and cognitive skills can be developed.  In addition, good health practices, sportsmanship, self-control, self-expression and the opportunity for positive social interaction with peers are fostered.  Research clearly shows that the active, healthy child is more likely to be academically motivated and establish habits of behavior that will promote lives that are models of wellness.

    Objectives-By participating in a quality physical education program it is reasonable to expect the student will be able to demonstrate the following skills.

    Kindergarten/First Grade

    Travel in different ways, in a large group, without bumping into others or falling.

    Travel forward and sideways directions and change direction quickly in response to a signal.

    Demonstrate clear contrasts between slow and fast speeds as they travel.

    Distinguish between straight, curved and zig-zag pathways while traveling in various ways.

    Make both small and large body shapes as they travel.

    Travel demonstrating a variety of relationships with objects.

    Place a variety of body parts into high, middle and low levels.

    Roll sideways (left and right) without hesitation or stopping.

    Toss a ball and catch it before it bounces twice.

    Demonstrate the difference between an overhand and underhand throw.

    Kick a stationary ball, using a running approach, without stopping or hesitating prior to the kick.

    Continuously jump a swinging rope turned by others.

    Form  round, narrow, wide and twisted body shapes alone and with a partner.

    Walk and run using a mature motor pattern.

    Sustain moderate physical activity.

    Participate daily in vigorous physical activity.

    Identify selected body parts, skills and movement concepts.

    Recognize that skill development requires practice.

    Recognize that physical activity is good for personal well being.

    State and demonstrate safe behaviors.

    Second Grade/Third Grade

    Travel in a backward direction and change direction quickly and safely without falling.

    Travel changing speeds and directions, in response to a variety of rhythms.

    Combine various traveling patterns in time to the music.

    Jump and land using a combination of one and two feet takeoffs and landings.

    Demonstrate skills of chasing, fleeing and dodging to avoid or catch others.

    Roll smoothly in a forward direction without stopping or hesitating.

    Balance, demonstrating momentary stillness, in symmetrical and asymmetrical shapes on a variety of body parts.

    Move feet into high level by placing the weight on the hands and landing with control.

    Use the inside of instep of the foot to kick a slowly moving ball into the air or along the ground.

    Throw a ball hard, demonstrating an overhand technique, a side orientation and opposition.

    Catch, using properly positioned hands , a gently thrown ball.

    Continuously dribble an ball, using the hands or feet, without losing control.

    Use at least three different body parts to strike a ball towards a target.

    Strike a ball repeatedly with a paddle.

    Consistently strike a ball with a bat from a tee or cone, using a correct grip and side orientation.

    Repeatedly jump a self-turned rope.

    Combine shapes, levels and pathways into simple sequences.

    Skip, hop, gallop and slide using a mature motor pattern.

    Move each joint through a full range of motion.

    Manage own body weight while hanging and climbing.

    Demonstrate safety with participating in physical activity.

    Participate in a wide variety of activities that involve locomotion, non-locomotion and the manipulation of various objects.

    Identify and demonstrate appropriate behaviors for participating with others in physical activity.

    Identify changes in the body during physical activity.

    State reasons for safe and controlled movements.

    Describe the benefits that accompany cooperation and sharing.

    Fourth Grade/Fifth Grade

    While traveling, avoid or catch and individual object.

    Leap, leading with either foot.

    Roll smoothly in a forward direction, without stopping or hesitating.

    Transfer weight from feet to hands, at fast and slow speeds using large extensions.

    Dribble using the hands or feet, while maintaining control within a group.

    Strike a softly thrown, light weight ball back to a partner using a variety of body parts, and combination of body parts.

    Consistently strike a softly thrown ball with a bat or paddle demonstrating an appropriate grip, side to the target and swinging in place.

    Develop patterns and combinations of movements into repeatable sequences.

    Without hesitation, travel into and out of a rope turned by others.

    Balance, with obvious control on a variety of moving objects.

    Jump and land for height and jump and land for distance using a mature motor pattern.

    Throw, catch and kick using mature motor patterns.

    Maintain continuous aerobic activity for a specific time.

    Support, lift and control body weight in a variety of activities.

    Regularly participate in physical activity for the purpose of improving skillful performance and physical fitness.

    Distinguish between compliance and non-compliance with game rules and fair play.

    Recognize fundamental components and strategies used in simple games and activities.

    Describe healthful benefits that result from regular and appropriate participation in physical activity.

    Understand personal risks associated with physical activity.

    Appreciate differences and similarities in other’s physical abilities.

    Respect persons from different backgrounds and the cultural significance they attribute to various games, dances and physical activity.